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Gemstones in general

The most popular gemstone is undeniably the diamond. We elaborate on diamond more, here. Also, there are numerous gorgeous gemstones which can be the beautiful and valuable adornment of a piece of gold jewellery.

We try to introduce the sparkling wonders of nature in the most understandable form. We are going to mention the most important characteristics of the different types of gemstones which is not an easy task, since there is a dedicated branch of learning called gemmology.

Gemstones can be divided into two categories organic and inorganic. The inorganic group consists of crystal gemstones and the organic ones are of animalistic and floral origins.

By way of introduction we would like to mention in connection with the topic, no gemstone is alive without professional work, without the gemstone cutting. Gemstone cutting is a unique occupation, a draughtsmanship; it requires great knowledge, gemmological knowledge and a huge mechanical background as well. The gemstones can be divided into two main categories, faceted and cabochon cut. In case of faceted cut there are flat, burnished and polished plates, facets are formed which are responsible for the stone’s glittering. With the cabochon cut, the gemstones are rounded. This cutting method is used with opaque gemstones in the most cases.

Apart from the gemstones physical and chemical features, humanity bestowed them with esoterical qualities during the thousand year of cultural progression through experiences. These dowries cannot be measured physically.

Inorganic gemstones: Crystals

1. Corundum group: Sapphire and ruby

The gemstones of the corundum group are the hardest crystals after the diamond. The corundum gemstones appear in various colours.
The clear corundum gemstone is colourless, but the most popular types are blue sapphire and red ruby.

Their hardness according to the Mohs scale is 9.

The most common shades of sapphire

  1. 1. Blue sapphire, 2. Pink sapphire, 3. Padparadsa sapphire 4. Yellow sapphire 5. White Sapphire
1Kék zafír 2Rózsaszín zafír 3Padparadzsa zafír 4Sárga zafír 5Fehér zafír

Since sapphire appears in many gorgeous hues in nature, rubies are adored for the so called pigeon blood hue. It is not by accident, the most maroon coloured gemstone among all the other gemstones.

The Sapphire

Contessa - zafír gyűrű

The effect of sapphire:

Sapphire is the stone of wisdom, every hue strengthen different types of wisdom. Strengthens the physical and spiritual balance, the peace and calm, it frees you from bad thoughts. It has great effects on depression symptoms and other mental problems. It invites good thoughts and helps with self-impression.

Zodiac signs: Taurus, Virgo, Sagittarius, Aquarius, Pisces

Chakra: Forehead chakra

Affianced jewellery tip:
Contessa eljegyzési gyűrű

The Ruby

Dragonscale - rubin karikagyűrű

The effects of ruby:

Ruby strengthens the healthy self-confidence, it helps preserving our mental and physical youth. It has numerous beneficial effects, it eases allergic symptoms, lowers the tendency of anaemia, the problems with blood circulations and problems with cholesterol level and protects you from infections. It enhances productivity and protects you from negative influences.

Zodiac signs: Taurus, Gemini, Aries

Chakra: Root chakra

Affianced jewellery tip:
Dragonscale karikagyűrű pár

2. Berill group: Emerald, Aquamarine, Morganite

The most well-known hues of the gemstones of the berill group is green emerald, aquamarine, hues from sky blue to sea blue and the pink morganite.

Their hardness according to Mohs scale: 7,5-8.

The hues of emerald from the cheapest to the most expensive

Smaragd szín AAA


Smaragd szín AA


Smaragd szín A


Smaragd szín B

The Emerald

Desertrose smaragd gyűrű

The effects of emerald:

Emerald enhances the effect of unconditional love; it creates balance in relationships silences the soul. Its healing effects are well-known, it has a good influence on heart, lung, spine and muscle problems. It has a well-known detox effect; it weakens arthritis and makes you less prone to diabetes.

Zodiac Sign: Cancer, Libra, Pisces, Sagittarius, Taurus

Chakra: Heart Chakra

Affianced ring tip:
Desirée eljegyzési gyűrű


Amour aquamarin eljegyzési gyűrű

The effects of aquamarine:

Aquamarine means sea blue. It originates from the words aqua and mare. According to an ancient myth, deep down in the sea, this gemstone is originated from a treasure coffer guarded by mermaids. That is why aquamarine is sailors’ talisman. It protects them from drowning according to their faith. Aquamarine gives courage helps calming the tempestuous soul; it has a harmony creating effect. Some use it for its meditation effects and has a deep spiritual influence.

Zodiac Sign: Gemini, Libra, Aquarius and Pisces

Chakra: Throat Chakra

Affianced ring tip:
Amour eljegyzési gyűrű

The Morganite

Gertrúd - morganit medál

The effects of morganite:

This gorgeous gemstone is usually pale pink, and releases stress. It symbolizes purity. On a psychological level, morganite boosts courage, releases stress, calms the mind and helps us love freely. It moderates the unfulfilled emotions and the obstructive effects of unexpressed feelings. On a mental level it helps creating a positive approach. With its help we can prolong love in our lives.

Zodiac sign: Gemini, Cancer, Scorpion, Pisces

Chakra: Heart Chakra

Affianced jewellery tip:
Gertrúd medál

3. The Tourmaline Group

Tourmaline is one of the most colourful gemstones in the world. It has very intense, beautiful hues and it is a very popular gemstone in the jewellery industry because of its friendly price. Because of its colourfulness professionals use it often for replacing other gemstones.

Hardness in the Mohs Scale: 7-7,5

Main hues of tourmaline

Main hues of tourmaline
1.Black Tourmaline 2. Blue Tourmaline 3. Brown Tourmaline 4. Colourless Tourmaline 5. Green Tourmaline 6. Colourful Tourmaline 7. Pink Tourmaline 8. Red Tourmaline 9. Watermelon Tourmaline 10. Yellow Tourmaline

Fekete turmalin



















The effects of tourmaline

People attribute different effects of the different hues of tourmaline. The standard characteristics are strengthening confidence, helping to create inner peace and helps for those who are looking for guidance.

Zodiac Sign: Libra, Scorpio, Capricorn, Aries, Taurus, Gemini

Affianced Ring Tip:
Dianna turmalin gyűrű

Dianna turmalin gyűrű

4. Uncategorized gemstones


Talizmán ametiszt medál

Tanzanite is an extremely rare gemstone; we might run out of it in a generation’s time. Its hues vary from purples to deep blues.

The effect of tanzanite:

It is the crystal of power and energy, it has a great effect on the brain and improves memory, performance and strengthens the heart. It boosts the blood flow, stabilizes blood pressure and enhances muscle power. It lowers the consequences of stress and has a healing effect. It advanced intuition and self-knowledge.

Zodiac Sign: Gemini

Chakra: Crown and forehead chakra

Affianced jewellery tip:
Talizmán Energia arany medál

The Topaz

Organica topáz medál

Topaz has many different hues; the most common hue is yellow, but the blue and bluish green and pink are not that rare.

Hardness on the Mohs scale: 8

The effects of topaz:

Topaz is a real lucky stone. It helps to achieve our goals, preserving our memory; it motivates us for being generous and honest according to tradition. Topaz helps strengthening our emotions in a unique way. It helps with giving and receiving love.

Zodiac sign: Aquarius, Leo

Chakra: Throat Chakra

Affianced jewellery tip:
Organica no6 arany medál

The Garnet

Mátka gránát gyűrű

Garnet is known for its deep red, maroon colour but there are orange and brownish hues.

Hardness on the Mohs scale: 6,5-7,5

The effect of garnet:

Granet is known for energizing, revitalizing, protecting and balancing effects. Apart from these, it enhances sexual desires, it has a good effect on potency problems, especially the bright red hue.

Zodiac Sign: Aries, Leo, Virgo, Scorpio, Capricorn, Sagittarius

Affianced jewellery tip:
Mátka Variáció női gyűrű

Peridot or Olivin

Talizmán peridot medál

Peridot is one of the few gemstones where the only colour that appears in nature is green.

Hardness on the Mohs scale: 6,5-7

The effect of peridot:

Peridot is the gemstone of progress, it helps to achieve inner changes, protects the aura, helps to get rid of negative, obstructive effects, it makes you stronger and more self-confident. It helps creating spiritual peace.

Zodiac Sign: Gemini, Leo, Cancer

Chakra: Heart Chakra

Affianced Jewellery tip:
Talizmán Oltalom medál

Quartz: Crystal and Amethist

Talizmán hegyikristály medál

The effects of Crytsal:

The most well-known effect of crystal is the liberation of healing energies. It clears, energizes and stabilizes the mind and aura. It helps to overcome fatigue and exhaustion and strengthens the immune system.

Zodiac Sign: Leo

Chakra: Crown Chakra

Affianced jewellery tip:
Talizmán Stabilitás medál

The Amethyst

Talizmán ametiszt medál

The effects of amethyst:

Amethyst has many different hues of purple, from almost bluish dark purple to faint violet.

Amethyst is known as the gemstone of courage. It helps with luck in love and learning. It strengthens the power of meditation and the ability to concentrate. It calms you down and has a great effect on peaceful sleeping and relaxation. It enhances the mind’s capabilities.

Zodiac Sign: Pisces, Aries, Sagittarius, Virgo

Chakra: Forehead Chakra

Affianced Jewellery tip:
Talizmán Bölcsesség medál

Organic Gemstones

The organic gemstones is an interesting category, gemstones which are in this category cannot be classically called gemstones. Organic gemstones are of animalistic and floral origins.

And what are these? Different kind of pearls, corals, animal teeth for example elephant bone, shark tooth, amber anything that is fossilized, like resin.

These natural formations got in to the family of gemstones because the jewellery industry uses them. Here in our Atelier, we use different types of pearls and shark or other animal teeth for making jewellery.

The Pearls

Pearls can be divided into two big categories according to the geographical location of their shells. The less valuable pearls are the sweet water pearls and more valuable ones are the salt water pearls.

Using pearls in jewellery, according to archaeological evidence has a history of more than 2000 years, in the ancient Greek culture they called it the tears of Aphrodite.Gyöngyös gyűrűk

Pearls that are created naturally are usually structureless, a piece of contamination gets inside the shell and the shell creates a hard, calcic hull around it. That is why perfectly round pearls are very rare and their values are very high.

That is the reason why people try to breed pearl shells artificially for decades in plantations and because of the considerable fishing. With the artificial method the pearl is being formed in a round shape, the shell creates a nice and glittering material called the lustre.

The real breakthrough in manufacturing pearls happened in 1905 when a Japanese scientist Kokcohi Mikimoto developed a procedure where he could create round pearls effectively. In 1962 French Polynesia joined the pearl growing network. We can thank the unique, dark colour Tahiti pearls to this method.

Affianced Jewellery tip:
Hókirálynő gyöngy gyűrű

Affianced Jewellery tip:
Tahiti Glamour gyűrű

Shark Tooth

Cápafog medál

The shark teeth just like every other animal teeth and claws are the most ancient natural formation that is used for jewellery. These jewelleries are the symbol of power, combat successes and victory from the birth of mankind. These animalistic fossils were worn on leather strings by predatory men, to show the number of preys. Also, owning these animal’s spirits was great power.

Nowadays, it is a popular type of jewellery for men, especially for necklaces. Shark teeth which are used in our jewellery are from reservations where they collect teeth which are falling out naturally. This is because the big white sharks just like other sharks are endangered.

Affianced jewellery tip:
Cápafog medál no5


The above mentioned gemstones are only the most well-known and most popular types which are introduced in a non-exhaustive manner. There are many more gemstones in nature; some appeared in our jewellery as well. Also, through our partners we can our hands on most of the different type of cuts.

If you are interested in a gemstone which is not mentioned above, please require help from our colleagues who will help you and inform you about the possibilities.